JAWAHARLAL NEHRU - FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA
Updated: Nov 15, 2020
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Jawaharlal Nehru born on, 14th November 1889 was an independent national activist and a major role playing political leader in history of Indian politics and in the fight for independent India. He was the son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani, two natural and great activists of their time. He emerged as a great leader and served as India's 1st Prime Minister from its establishment as an Independent Nation in 1947. He is also known as "Chacha Nehru" looking towards his love for children's who used to call him by this name. on the other side he is also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots which are associated with Kashmiri Pandits.
His father Motilal Nehru a self-made wealthy barrister, a Political Leader, Activist and also an Indian Lawyer, who also served twice as president of Indian National Congress between 1919-1920 and 1928-1929 respectively. His mother Swarup Rani great Advocate who also played a very major role in India's freedom movement in 1920's - 30's, as an advocate of Civil Disobedience movement against British Raj and its law of salt.
Significance of Chacha Nehru & his Birth Anniversary
Every year the birth anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehruji is celebrated as Children's Day in India in order to tribute his consideration and contribution towards building the Nation. He was lovingly and fondly called "Chacha Nehru” and "Chacha ji” for his love for kids. And so after his death it was unanimously decided to celebrate his birth anniversary as Children's Day.
He always used to pin a fresh red colour Rose on his vest jacket in loving memory of his life and moments spent with his wife "Kamala Nehru" who passed away due to prolonged disease in year 1938.
The Childhood, Youth & Education of Chacha Nehru
According to one of Nehru's description his childhood was "sheltered and uneventful one". He grew up in a wealthy family; his early education was done at his residence itself, made available with private tutors and governesses. Under the educational influence of many tutors, Nehru at early stage was influenced by Theosophical education and its society at age of 13, but soon he discovered that this society is not much enduring to him.
Nehru became an enthusiastic activist and nationalist in his youth, he completed is graduation from Trinity College, Cambridge in October 1907 with an honour’s degree in Natural Sciences. He also studied politics, economics and history also some literature with basic interest. Then after graduation in 1910, he moved to London and studied law simultaneously continued to study the scholars of Fabian Society including Beatrice Webb.
Role of Nehru - in early struggle for Independence
Jawaharlal Nehru was very much interested and involved in Indian politics and fight for India's Independence against British. Within month in return to India he started attending the conferences and meetings, especially the annual sessions held by Indian National Congress. He also harboured and clarified the doubts regarding effectiveness of congress but also supportably worked for the party in Indian Civil Rights movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1913 collecting funds and campaigning against indentured labour and other such discrimination. The first biggest national activity for him was Non-Cooperation movement which was onset in 1920. He played the major role in movement in United Provinces. In between this Motilal Nehru emerged with his own party with CR Das, but Jawaharlal Nehru remained loyal with Gandhiji and continued working for the same party.
There are many National Movements were Jawaharlal Nehru has played an important role as an nationalist and activist, which are followed by:-
He sorted the foreign allies for India and stared links with movements for Independence and Democracy over the Globe. Also represented and elected to be the Executive Council of League against Imperialism.
He declared some Fundamental rights and economic policies for his party and future Nation which included some aims depicting freedom of religion, right to form association, equality before law, freedom to expression of thought etc.
Nehru and other congress leaders with him was very much active for the Salt protest (Salt Satyagraha) and Gandhiji's plan to begin with Civil Disobedience Movement.
Nehru has played an important role in being concerned about the electoral politics, the development cause of India and Europe and a major topic "economy".
And there were many such issues and topics in which Nehru has helped and worked as a mediator and a solution searcher for the Nation, which includes topics as Independence struggle, Pakistan resolution movement, Cripps Mission, Expansion of Muslim League, and Republicanism etc.
The dispersal of Chacha Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru died on 27 May 1964, he was been declining his health for sometime and went through a serious stroke in early 1964. He woke up in morning and explained the pain in his back which might have cause him a serious suffering and a stroke (heart attack) in morning around 6:25 and fell unconscious, after around 2:00 pm in afternoon he died without regaining consciousness.
During the evening all the army engineers and officials constructed a cremation ground levelled the plot of ground around the Yamuna River, about 300 yards north of the Raj Ghat and constructing a linked road from main road. from the evening to the following morning all the army officials had maintained a constant Vigil around the body of Jawaharlal Nehru.