Updated: Jul 26, 2020
(International Criminal Justice Day)
Credits: Getty images
"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Well said by Mr.Martin Luther King Jr. , to honor his words and of many others like him who advocate the rights of victim and stand by the principle of 'The right to justice is entitled to all'. A treaty was signed in the year 1998 named as the Roman Statute.
The Roman Statute is a multilateral treaty signed by over 120 countries to maintain international peace and preserve people from violence and international crimes. In the very treaty a body was established in the name of International Criminal Court (ICC) . The court governs the crimes like genocide and war crimes. In its previous session it has punished the people like Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and many more.
Working of ICC
The ICC has four principle organs:
· The Presidency
· The Judicial Division
· The Prosecutors Office
· The Registry
All these organs work together and their role is governed by the Roman Statute. The President is highest ranked judge and is appointed by the consensus of the fellow judges. The day is celebrated all across globe by organizing various events in which people are seated about rights of people against crime.It is celebrated in the honor of formation of ICC.
Still it's very sad to know that irrespective of the massive demand of global peace many superpower countries such as USA, Russia, China and countries with largest growing economy such as India are not the signatories of such a body. Is it so that they promote violence or are there other reasons?
Author- Shivangi Jain
Editing Board Member
LEGALEAGLE LAW FORUM