In India, people are now-a-days busy in the current events of Budget 2021, Farmers’ Protest and many other economic developments. We got so much indulged in our own events that we are paying less attention to rest of the world. But, even then, we cannot ignore the current scenario of Myanmar, one of our close neighbors. Also known as Burma, the country that shares its boundary with our four states has been taken over by the Commander-in-Chief of Myanmar. And generally, what we say is that a Military Coup has taken place in Myanmar. The issue lost its limelight in India because all this happened on February 1, the day on which the Union Budget 2021 of India was presented by the Government.
WHAT IS MILITARY COUP?
‘Coup’ means overthrow or takeover. A Coup is the overthrow of a Government by non-democratic means by a political faction, the military or a dictator. The ‘military Coup’ is an illegal, unconstitutional removal of a government and seizure of its powers by the military.
MILITARY COUP IN MYANMAR
Myanmar is a developing country with a population of 5.4 crores. Despite being a large country, it is one of the poorest countries in the world having less industrial development, high rate of unemployment, etc. It is HDI Ranking is only at 147.
On 1 February, 2021, Myanmar’s new National Parliament was to convene and hold its position to start the new term of the parliament. But before it would have happened, the military of Myanmar took the control over the country and declared an emergency in the country for a year. Hence, the Military Coup took place in Myanmar. The reason that was given by the Military for such a huge step was that they found ‘irregularities’ in the general elections of 2020 and they claimed that the elections were not conducted in a fair manner.
In November 2020, General Elections were conducted in Myanmar in which the ‘National League for Democracy’ (NLD) party gained victory. But, rightly after November 8, the Military of Myanmar started claiming irregularities in the elections stating that there was a veracity of around 9 million votes in the elections. A lot of Global agencies, NGOs, etc. supervised and certified that the elections were conducted in a fair and clear manner but the military refused to accept the results and declared it invalid.
Some days before the beginning of the new term of parliament, the military set the deadline of 1 February for the United Election Commission of Myanmar demanding the proof of fair elections. But in absence of any such proof, the military took the control over Myanmar.