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Project 39A at National Law University, Delhi publishes the Death Penalty in India: Annual Statistics Report since 2016 and this year it was the 5th edition. Project 39A provides the annual updates on the death penalties and the legislative development on the issue.
According to the report, there were 404 prisoners on the death row across India, with Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of prisoners i.e. 59. The report also mentioned that the functioning of the courts was hampered by the pandemic last year. The death penalties given by the session courts were 77 which is lower than that of 2019 which was 103. Session courts announced death penalties in 48 cases in the first 3 months of the last year before the implementation of lockdown which is 62% of the total death penalties in the last year. Otherwise, the number would have gone high. The report also mentioned that there was the rise of the death penalties imposed in sexual offences by the session courts which from 53% in 2019 to 65% in 2020.
High Courts across the country ga