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INTRODUCTION It is understood that Muslim law or Islamic law is derived from the divine and not like the man-made laws enacted by legislators and regulated by the rules of secular law systems. Islam means allegiance to God's will which means harmony, cleanness, redemption, and obedience. Muslims affirms that only one god, Allah, exists. The traditional Islamic law or legal structure of Islam is well established as Sharia, an Arabic term that is referred to as the way in the literal sense. Sharia is derived from Allah and that is why it is considered sacred by Muslims.
Arabia, where Mohammad articulated Islam, is the origin of Muslim law. Islam's intention is to generate a sense of obedience and submission to Allah. His rules and to walk on the right path. Muslims are those who pursue this direction. Any person who professes the religion of Islam, in other words, acknowledges the oneness of God and the prophetic character of Mohammad, are Muslim according to Amir Ali.
Muslim law refers to personal matters relating to that part of society made up of people who practice Islam. It is a religious law, and it applies either by birth or by proselytization to a person who is Muslim. Islamic law, however, is focused on the responsibilities or obligations of an individual instead of his rights. The term Islam means "total surrender of oneself to God" and its adherents, i.e., Muslim means, 'she/he has submitted to God.'
SOURCES OF MUSLIM LAW
Source of law means ‘the origin of law’ or ‘from where the law has been evolved, Muslim law sources are divided into two groups, which are primary and secondary sources.
The Islamic laws abide primary sources, or we can say the basis of Muslim law is based on these sources. The primary origins of Muslim laws are:
HOLY QURAN AS A SOURCE OF MUSLIM LAW
The Quran is Allah ALMIGHTY's most detailed phrase, which is a source of inspiration for people to live life in this world. Quran, the holy book of Islam, also spelled Quran and Koran, (Arabic: "Recitation"). The Quran was unveiled by the angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad in the western Arab towns of Mecca and Medina, according to traditional Islamic belief, starting in 610 and concluding with the death of Muhammad in 632 CE. "The word Quran, which already occurs in the Islamic scripture itself (e.g., 9:111 and 75:17-18), comes from the verb qara a-"to learn," "to utter.
The Quran as a whole is the Prophet Muhammad's greatest miracle that is unmatched so that at this moment in which the Quran works in the ages as the only everlasting holy book since his words are absolutely real and perfect (Masbukin 2012). Sulaiman (2015) asserted that the Quran contains miracles and characteristics that are critically and profoundly interesting to research.