~ Anubhooti Shaw
"Better to starve fighting than to starve working".
~A slogan of the Lawrence, Massachusetts "Bread and Roses" strike of 1912.
The feeling of demand or rebellion against a motion has always been a part of any society. These conflicts are a constant reminder that though sometimes everything is in order but they are not in order. Similarly, in any industrial endeavour, the workers and labourers make through and portray their grievances and interests through weapons known as strikes. This struggle between the labour and capital has been quite a history in itself.
Strike works as a bargaining process where the workers solve the differences between the management to secure economic justice. There several types of strikes which are divided on the basis of the demands and grievances. They are:
● General Strike: This type of strike happens to build up political pressure in the current government by the members usually.
● Economic Strike: This is the most common strike that occurs in order to get an increment in allowances, wages, salary, etc.
● Hunger Strike: One of the most painful strikes is the hunger strike where the workers go on strike and don't consume anything until and unless their issues are redressed.
● Sympathy Strike: This is an influential strike where one group of workers join an already happening strike.
● Sit Down Strike: Herein, the workers do go to the place of employment but refuse to work. No one is absent in the whole process until their issues are resolved.
● Wildcat Strike: This type of strikes occurs in the absence of consent from the authority or union.
● Slow Down Strike: This type of strike takes place when workers don't refuse to work but put pressure on the industries that they would reduce or restrict the output or the production process.
STRIKES AND THE INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES ACT,1947
According to the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, strikes are defined in Section 2(q):
"A cessation of work by a body of persons employed in any industry acting in combination, or a concerted refusal, or a refusal under a common understanding, of any number of persons