One of the world's most powerful judicial structures is the Indian Judiciary. The Judiciary derives its authority from India's Constitution. To check the abuse of the powers bestowed by the Legislature or the Executive, the presence of Courts is necessary. The Indian Judiciary, along with being a custodian of the constitutional rights of the people, is the protector of the Constitution of India. With a fairly long and complex hierarchy of courts, the judiciary is well defined. The judicial system has been set up in such a way that it meets the needs of every single individual in the country. In India, the judicial system is in the shape of a pyramid, with the top of the hierarchy being the Supreme Court. The hierarchy has been established in such a way that it is possible for a person to enter the courts from a remote area to settle their disputes. The scheme is well prepared to deal with problems relating to the Union and the laws of the state.
JUDICIAL COURTS HIERARCHY
THE CRIMINAL COURT’S HIERARCHY IN INDIA IS AS OBSERVES:
Under Article 124 of Part V and Chapter IV of the Constitution of India, the Supreme Court of India-the Supreme Court of India, being the apex court of India, was created.
The High Courts of India- At the second level of the hierarchy, the high courts are. They are governed by Article 141 of the Indian Constitution and are bound by the Apex Court's judgment.
INDIA’S LOWER COURTS HAVE BEEN LISTED AS FOLLOWS:
· Metropolitan tribunals
· Court of Sessions
· Metropolitan Magistrate Chief
· Metropolitan Judge First Class
COURTS IN THE CITY
· Court of Sessions
· Judicial Magistrate in First Class
· Judicial Magistrate in Second Class
· Magistrate Executive
IN INDIA, CONSTITUTION OF CRIMINAL COURTS
THE SESSIONS JUDGE- The creation of the Sessions Court is addressed in Section 9 of the CrPc. The Sessions Court, which must be chaired by a judge appointed by the High Court, is constituted by the State Government. The High Court appoints Judges for Additional and Assistant Sessions. As ordered by the High Court, the Court of Sessions usually sits in such a position or place. In any specific case, however, if the Court of Session is of the opinion that it would have to deal with the convenience of the parties and witnesses, it shall, after the agreement of the prosecution and the accused, preside over its sessions at any other venue.
THE JUDGE OF THE ADDITIONAL/ ASSISTANT SESSIONS-These is appointed by a specific state's High Court. In the absence of the Sessions Judge, they are liable for cases relating to killings, burglary, dacoity, pick-pocketing,