One of the most fundamental concepts of human existence is the right to live a free, complete, and dignified life. Every person is entitled, with no undue intervention from others, to live their life on their own terms. The only one that guarantees its people the right to protect their own lives and rights can be a true democracy. The Security of Life and Personal Liberty in India is a fundamental right granted to people under the Constitution of India, 1950, Section III. These fundamental rights reflect the fundamental values valued by the citizens and are granted against the acts of the state, which means that no act of any state authority, except in compliance with the process defined by statute, will infringe any such right of a person. Article 21 of that Part states that 'No person shall be deprived of his or her life or personal liberty, except in accordance with the procedure provided for by statute,' which is referred to as the Right to Life and Personal Liberty.
Right to live with human dignity
It is not enough to guarantee that a person has the right to live. One's dignity and respect is an important element of life; therefore, the right to live with dignity has been guaranteed to each individual, which means having access to the necessities of human life as well as having autonomy over one's personal decisions. The security of the health and strength of employees and their right to just and humane working conditions is taken as necessary conditions for living with human dignity in Occupational Health and Safety Association v. Union of India (2014).
Right to livelihood
A person requires access to financial and material resources to meet his various needs in order to survive. The law recognizes that every person has an equal right to live, whether male or female so that he or she can obtain the required resources such as food, water, shelter, clothing, and more. Because of being deprived of the ability to earn for themselves, no one deserves to live in poverty and squalor.
Right to life
Every individual has the right to life, liberty, and personal protection. The basic right in the Indian constitution is the right to life. Only living beings are attached to human rights. The most precious right of people is the right to life. If Article 21 had been understood in its original context, there would not have been any constitutional rights worth noting. This article discusses the right to life that has been interpreted in various cases by the Supreme Court of India. The right to life is a fundamental aspect of life without which we can not exist as a human being and includes all those aspects of life that make the life of a human being meaningful, complete, and worth living. It is only the article that has obtained the widest possible reading in the constitution. Article 21 of the Indian Constitution states that the right to shelter, growth and nutrition is stated. Because it is the bare necessity, the minimum and fundamental conditions for the right to life and other rights that are necessary and inevitable for an individual.
Article 21 of the Rights to Life of the Indian Constitution
Prisoners' rights are also human rights. No matter whether they are in prison, they have the right to live as a human person. They still have equal rights in prison. Article 14 of the Indian Constitution cannot deny equality before the law or equal protection of legislation within the territory of India to any individual. Article 19 of the constitution of India lists six freedoms to all people of India. Article 21 of the Indian Constitution addresses the right to life and the right to personal and personal liberty. Human rights include the right to world liberty, justice, and peace. All family members have equal respect and integrity with regard to others. In the household, no one should be disrespected. Even a newborn is entitled to dignity since they are a resident of India as well. Human law is a universal declaration of human rights. Each person has an equal right, whether he or she belongs to any group. No person should face discrimination by caste. Untouchability also goes against the declaration of human rights. Caste prejudice has been very serious since ancient times. In the past, because of the lower caste, individuals were discriminated against. They are not permitted to live in a group of people living in a higher culture. They are not even approved to work with high-caste individuals. They are known as the waste materials of society. Even after the Human Rights Act came into being, lower-caste individuals are still treated in-human in many villages today and even higher caste individuals murder them because they are from lower communities. Since many people are not aware of protections that are given to human beings.
Finally, I conclude that the basic right of every citizen of India is the right to life. And basic rights cannot be abused by anyone. If any public officer or government official violates someone's fundamental right, that person may file a petition with the Supreme Court. Article 21 of the Indian Constitution dates from the era preceding the Magna Carta period. Firstly, the Magna Carta is our Indian Constitution. The judiciary had a restricted role in the Constitution at that time. But today, in our Indian Constitution, the judiciary has an important role. The Indian Judiciary, which is stated in the Indian Constitution, enforces the law. India's Constitution makes every person who is a citizen of India equal. All are entitled to any right granted by India's constitution. Based on caste, creed, and religion, no person shall be discriminated against. The basic responsibility of the Government of India is the protection of rights.