National law day also known as Constitution day is every year celebrated on 26 November 2015. On November 19, 2015, the Government of India by a Gazette notification declared 26 November as constitution day. 26 November was chosen because of the fact that on this day the constituent assembly adopted the Indian constitution. This was prepared by the drafting committee which took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to prepare the same. The committee was under the chairmanship of DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR. He was India’s first law minister who played a prominent role in the drafting of the Indian constitution.
This is the reason why he is called the “Father of Indian Constitution”. 2015 marked the 125th birth anniversary of DR. BR. AMBEDKAR. To honor him, Prime Minister Narendra Modi decided to celebrate it in a big way. Then it was announced that 26th November will be celebrated as National law day to honor him as well as to spread the importance of the constitution and to spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.
Facts about Indian Constitution:
Indian constitution as we all know is the bag of borrowings. It is the longest handwritten constitution of any sovereign country in the world. It was written both in English and Hindi. The constitution was never printed or typed. Instead, it was manually written by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in italic style with beautiful calligraphy and each page of the handwritten constitution was decorated by the artists of Shantiniketan. Artists like Nandalal Bose and his disciple Beohar Rammanohar Sinha also gave their contribution in decorating the Indian constitution. It took nearly six months for the Prem Behari Narain Raizada to write the constitution.
The original copies of the Indian constitution (both English and Hindi) are kept in the library of the parliament of India in special Helium-filled cases. When this Constitution was drafted and put for debate and discussions, over 2000 amendments to it were made. It was adopted on 26 November 1949 but legally enforced in India on 26th January 1950, the day we celebrate as Republic day. Also on 26th January 1930, the Purna Swaraj was publicly issued, and 26th January was celebrated as “Indian Independence Day” for the next 17 years.
A total of 283 members of the constituent assembly signed the original constitution of India. Also, it’s very interesting to know that there is one signature left in the signing of the Indian constitution and that is of Mahatma Gandhi.
1. Constitution day (India), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_Day_(India)
2. 26 Facts you didn’t know about the Indian Constitution, https://www.bloombergquint.com/politics/26-facts-you-didnt-know-about-the-indian-constitution-republic
3. 14 Interesting Facts You Probably Didn’t Know About The Indian Constitution, https://www.scoopwhoop.com/Facts-About-Indian-Constitution/
4. 10 Important facts about the Indian constitution, https://newsable.asianetnews.com/india/10-important-facts-about-the-indian-constitution